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Maternal Deaths on the Decline: SRS Report

As per the reports released by the Sample Registration Survey (SRS) Report from 2015-2017, it shows that the Indian women in their 20s make up for the biggest portion of maternal deaths annually. 68% of the maternal deaths during the said period were among women in the age-group of 20-29 years. The data also reveals a positive development of reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) to 122 as compared to 130 in 2014-16. The drop has been most significant in the empowered action group (EAG) states.

As per the definition given by the World Health Organization (WHO), maternal death refers to the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of the termination of pregnancy. The WHO has said that – MMR dropped by 38% worldwide between 2000 and 2017. However, an estimated 810 women died everyday in 2017 from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth.

Causes of Maternal deaths:

  • Maternal deaths occur as a result of complications during and following pregnancy and childbirth. Most of these complications are preventable or treatable.
  • Other complications may also exist before pregnancy, especially if not managed as part of the woman’s care.
  • Major complications include – severe bleeding, infections, hypertension, high blood pressure during, complications from delivery and unsafe abortions.

Factors that prevent women from receiving or seeking care during pregnancy and child birth include:

  • Poverty
  • Lack of facilities in the vicinity
  • Lack of information
  • Inadequate and poor quality service
  • Cultural beliefs and practices.

The reports also revealed that nearly 4% of the maternal deaths were reported in the age group of 15-19 years which highlights the problem of early marriages and teenage pregnancies in the country. The sustainable development goals set by the United Nations target, reducing the global MMR to less than 70 per 1 lakh live births by 2030. Nut with a visible declining trend on the show should encourage the health authorities to beef up their efforts in reducing the maternal deaths upto the international mark.

About the SRS
The Sample Registration Survey is a large-scale demographic survey for providing reliable annual estimates of infant mortality rate, birth rate, death rate and other fertility and mortality indicators at the national and sub-national levels. The current sample is based on the 2011 Census frame.

SOURCE: The Hindu

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