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India placed at 129th in 2019 Human Development Index

India has improved in last one year to climb a place up and secure the 129th position in the recently released Human Development Index by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The country was ranked 130 last year. The steady progress is largely attributed to nearly three decades of rapid development, which had seen a dramatic reduction in absolute poverty, along with gains in life expectancy, education, and access to health care.
As per the HDI, no other region had experienced such rapid human development progress.

Highlights of the Report

  • Despite lifting 271 million people out of poverty between 2005-15, India still remains home to 28 per cent of the world’s poor. India remains the home of 364 million poor people (28 percent), out of a global population of the 1.3 billion.
  • Between 1990 and 2018, India’s HDI value increased by 50 per cent (from 0.431 to 0.647), which places it above the average for countries in the medium human development group (0.634) and above the average for other South Asian countries (0.642).
  • Life expectancy at birth in India increased by 11.6 years, whereas the average number of schooling years increased by 3.5 years. Per capita incomes increased 250 times.
  • The report also finds that despite progress, group-based inequalities persist on the Indian Subcontinent, especially affecting women and girls.
  • The report states that as the number of people coming out of poverty is increasing, the world is veering towards another type of poverty. The old inequalities were based on access to health services and education whereas the next generation of poverty is based on technology, education and climate change.
  • India has both types of poverty. Even as Indians continue to face a lack of access to healthcare and education, many others are becoming poor based on the new criteria.

SOURCE: Business Standard, Down to Earth

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