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UMMID Initiative – To Tackle Inherited Genetic Disorders in Newborns

Why in News?
The Ministry of Science and Technology, Earth Science and the ministry of Health and Family Welfare along with the support of Department of Biotechnology (DBT), launched the ‘UMMID’ (Unique Methods of Management and Treatment of Inherited Disorders) Initiative and inaugurated the ‘NIDAN’ (National Inherited Diseases Administration) Kendras.

About the Initiative
In the urban and sub-urban regions of India, genetic disorders and congenital malformations are one of the prime causes of high death rates among the newborns and infants. The country, with a large population, high birth rates and a higher number of consanguineous marriages (i.e. marriages among close relatives/cousins) is bound to witness the prevalence of genetic disorders. In this context, the UMMID Initiative aims to:

  • Undertake screening of pregnant women and new born babies for inherited genetic disorders in hospitals at aspirational districts.
  • Produce skilled clinicians in the field of Human Genetics.
  • Establish NIDAN Kendras to provide counselling, pre-natal testing, diagnosis, management and care in Government Hospitals where the influx of patients is more.

The UMMID Initiative is based on the philosophy of “Prevention is better than cure’.

About NIDAN Kendras

  • In the first phase of the initiative, five NIDAN Kendras have been established to provide comprehensive clinical care.
  • The training centers will provide training in Biochemical Genetics, Cytogenetics, Molecular Genetics and Clinical Genetics to the clinicians from the Government hospitals.
  • The initial target set by the Government under the initiative is to screen 10,000 pregnant women and 5000 newborn babies for inherited genetic diseases at 7 aspirational districts.

The UMMID initiative, in all means is touted to work towards achieving wellness by promoting prevention of genetic diseases.

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