TB Harega Desh Jeetega – TB Elimination Campaign Launched

Why in News?
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare led by the Union Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan has launched a new campaign “TB Harega Desh Jeetega” aimed at curbing and eliminating the menace of tuberculosis prevailing in the country.

About the Campaign
As per a World Health Organization (WHO) Statistics, India is one of the worst affected countries by tuberculosis. Each year, in India, approx. 200,000 deaths are reported owing to TB. Despite the best efforts of the Government, the disease cost the Indian Economy round about USD 340 billion in the period 2006-14. A thorough concerted effort to tackle the issue is long due.

Some of the key highlights of the new campaign include:

  • It is based on three pillars i.e. clinical approach, public health component and active community participation.
  • Under the campaign, the government will ensure that all patients, be at private or public hospitals, receive free-of-cost and high-quality TB care.
  • The United Nations has set a global target to eliminate Tuberculosis by the year 2030. But Government of India has made 2025 the target year to achieve the objective.
  • The campaign has been initiated in 9 states of the country as of now. The World Bank, on its part will spend Rs.40 crore to support the campaign.
  • During the programme, the Union Minister also launched 25 National TB Prevalence Survey Vans to carry out a survey across the country in the next six months. This survey will aid the government to collect data about the current plight and condition of TB in the country.

National Tuberculosis Report 2019

  • The ‘TB India Report, 2019’ was also launched in the programme. As per the report findings, almost 21.5 lakh cases of Tuberculosis were reported to the government in 2018.
  • The number of TB cases has increased by 17% since 2017, when the numbers were around 18 Lakhs.
  • Under the ‘Nikshay Poshan Yojana’ a sum total of Rs 427 crore has been provided to over 26 Lakh TB patients through Direct Benefit Transfers to their Bank accounts.

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