- October 23, 2019
- Posted by: @webmaster
- Category: Current Affairs News
The Union Health Ministry is gearing up to carry out massive immunization program in 271 districts across the country in its bid to cover the areas designated as the low immunization pockets.
The extensive immunization program will cover children up to 2 years of age and all pregnant women in 652 blocks of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh from December 2, under the “Mission Indradhanush 2.0”.
The “Mission Indradhanush 2.0” is slated to be launched by Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan on October 31 falling on the silver jubilee of the Polio eradication campaign, but will come into implementation from December 2.
About 12 various kinds of vaccines are included under the Mission out of which ten categories will be used nationwide and while the other two vaccines are out under the sub-vaccination levels. This year marks 25 years since the first Polio Eradication Campaign was started in Delhi by the then Health Minister of Delhi as a pilot project which as replicated by other states to fight with the menace of polio. In 2014, WHO rewarded India as Polio Free Nation which is one of the most significant achievements in the public healthcare sector.
About Mission Indradhanush
- Mission Indradhanush was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India on December 25, 2014.
- It aims to cover all those children by 2020 who are either unvaccinated, or are partially vaccinated against vaccine preventable diseases. India’s Universal Immunization Program (UIP) provides free vaccines against 12 life threatening diseases, to 26 million children annually.
- The Universal Immunization Program provides life-saving vaccines to all children across the country free of cost to protect them against Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Hepatitis B, Pneumonia and Meningitis due to Haemophilus Influenza type b (Hib), Measles, Rubella, Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Rotavirus diarrhoea.
- Between 2009-2013 immunization coverage has increased from 61% to 65%, indicating only 1% increase in coverage every year. To accelerate the process of immunization by covering 5% and more children every year, Indradhanush mission has been adopted to achieve target of full coverage by 2020.
In the first phase of the initiative, the mission targeted 201 highly priority districts. Within the districts, the mission focuses on high risk settlements identified by the polio eradication program. These are the pockets with low coverage due to geographic, demographic, ethnic and other operational challenges. Now with “Mission Indradhanush 2.0” is being implemented to cover all the low immunization pockets, i.e. the areas with low immunization rates among the infants and pregnant women.
SOURCE: Business Standard, PIB