International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

17th October declared as the ‘International Day for the Eradication of Poverty’ by the United Nations was observed across the world. The theme for this year is “Acting together to empower children, their families and communities to end poverty’. On the very day in 1987, hundred thousands of people gathered in Paris with the statement that poverty is a violation of human rights. It is a day to promote and encourage government, organizations, and people to take an initiative to eradicate poverty.

A resolution was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 22nd December 1992 and 17th October was officially declared as the International Day for Eradication of Poverty. All the states and people are invited to promote the day and do various activities to eradicate poverty and destitution.

Background:
As per the standards agreed to world over, 1 in every 10 people in the developing regions is still living on less than 1.90 USD every day.

There are namely 8 serious issues or human sufferings defined in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the same was adopted in 2000 by the United Nations, namely:

  1. Inequality in education
  2. Poverty and Hunger
  3. Gender Inequality
  4. Child Mortality
  5. Poor mental health
  6. Infectious Diseases
  7. A changing environment
  8. Unsustainable Development

More than 1.3 billion are deprived of money, nutritious food, shelter, medical care, illiteracy, which all represent poverty.

Eradicating poverty is a major need to have a sustained world, hence poverty eradication by 2030 is the number one priority of UN Sustainable development Goal.

UN has also launched “Accelerating global actions for a world without poverty” in its 72nd general assembly to eradicate poverty (2018-2027)

The most important part of the anti-poverty day celebration is participation poor people and let the world hear their problems, they are main fighters of poverty.

Poverty in India

  • Over 10 years 271 million people have escaped poverty from India, India came down to 2nd potion from being the home for most poverty population.
  • The poverty rate is dropping rapidly in India, and if this continues consistently India might able to eradicate poverty by 2030. 
  • Many fund-raising programs, government events, food distribution, awareness camps and more international day for poverty eradication activities are organized to support the eradication of poverty.
  • But recently, the poverty eradication developments in the country took a hit when India slipped to 102nd Rank in the Global Hunger Index.

With such steps taken by the United Nations in collaboration with the world governments, numerous countries have been able to pull out sizeable population form poverty. But still a lot needs to be done in this front and we hope with all the world leaders getting serious about this issue, poverty can be gradually eradicated.



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