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Extinction of Animal Species in India – UNCCD

Why in News?
The 14th Conference of Parties (COP) meeting of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is being held at New Delhi, India from 2-13 September.

The Researchers present at the Convention warned that at least three to four species of animals including the Indian Cheetah, Pink-head duck and the Great Indian Bustard have become extinct due to desertification in India.

According to them, many more are on the verge of becoming extinct and therefore fall into the category of critically endangered species.

The researchers stressed on the fact that desertification may be caused due to insecticides, pesticides, conversion of agricultural land, industries and chemicals and indiscriminate infrastructure. It was also stated that India faces a growing crisis of land degradation. More than 30% of its land area has been degraded through deforestation, over-cultivation, soil erosion and depletion of wetlands.

Established in 1994, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management. The Convention addresses specifically the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as the drylands, where some of the most vulnerable ecosystems and peoples can be found.

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