National Animal Disease Control Programme
Why in News?
Prime Minister, Narendra Modi is all set to launch the National Animal Disease Control Programme in Mathura which aims to control the livestock diseases by 2025 and eradicate these by 2030.
About the Programme
- The programme is in line with realizing the electoral promise of doubling farmer’s income by 2022 and is aimed to eradicate the foot and mouth disease and brucellosis in livestock.
- The project is estimated to cost around Rs 12,652 crores for a period of five years till 2024 and will be entirely funded by the government.
- It aims at vaccinating around 36 million female bovine calves annually in its fight against the brucellosis disease.
- In addition, the Prime Minister will also be launching the National Artificial Insemination Programme and nationwide workshops in KrishiVigyanKendras in all the 687 districts in the country on the topic of vaccination, disease management, artificial insemination and productivity.
- Brucellosis is a disease caused by a group of bacteria from the genus Brucella. These bacteria can infect both humans and animals. Brucellosis is often spread when people eat contaminated food, which can include raw meat and unpasteurized milk. The bacteria can also be spread through the air or contact with an open wound.
- In animals, Brucella are usually spread through contact with infected birthing tissues and fluids (e.g., placenta, aborted fetuses, fetal fluids, vaginal discharges). The bacteria can also be found in the milk, blood, urine and semen of infected animals. Animals can get the bacteria by ingestion (oral), direct contact with mucous membranes (eyes, nose, mouth), or breaks in the skin.
Brucella can also be transmitted by contaminated objects (fomites) such as, equipment, clothing, shoes, hay, feed or water. Some animals are carriers; they will have the bacteria but show no signs of illness. These animals can shed the bacteria into the environment for long periods of time, infecting other animals in the herd.